Web Page Design: Setting up a Web Site 01
When it is time that you think you want a web site, here are the steps you
need to follow:
- Find a Domain Name for your Web Site. Let's say you want: "CANNON-BALL.COM".
Check to see if it has been taken or reserved. You can do this from a
Unix shell, using the 'whois' command, or use the form at the Internic
web site (
- Typing the command, you find:
% whois cannon-ball.com
No match for "CANNON-BALL.COM".
The InterNIC Registration Services database contains ONLY
non-military and non-US Government Domains and contacts.
Other associated whois servers:
American Registry for Internet Numbers - whois.arin.net
European IP Address Allocations - whois.ripe.net
Asia Pacific IP Address Allocations - whois.apnic.net
US Military - whois.nic.mil
US Government - whois.nic.gov
- Since it's free, you can work with your ISP provider to acquire the
domain. There are forms at the Internic, or your ISP will have one. You
will need to provide an Administrative contact (you) and a billing address.
Your ISP provider will supply a Technical contact and 2 Domain Name Servers
which will be authoritative for your domain name.
- The ISP technical contact will send the forms to the Internic, and within
a few hours, your domain will be established. At first, you will have
only local domain service, it takes a few days for the rest of the Internet
to get updated with your domain name.
- The Internic will bill you for two years of Domain Name registration
services. Currently the charges are $35.00 per year. Your ISP may charge
a nominal handling fee for the setup work.
- The ISP technical contact will ask you for an account name (for e-mail
and system access). You make one up that is easy to remember, like "cannon-ball".
There will be a setup charge and monthly fees for this service. Many ISPs
have several grades of service based on web site size, e-mail volume,
- When your account is set up, the ISP will tell you where your FTP and
WWW pages are to go. Typically, you will have a directory structure that
looks something like this (most web sites are on Unix machines):
Put your FTP files here
Put your Web pages here, making subdirectories
as you need them. This is your web site.
- The ISP will configure their server to respond to your web host name:
www.cannon-ball.com and send the server file requests to your directory.
A URL like: "http://www.cannon-ball.com/home.html" will get
mapped to the file "/user/ftp/public/cannonball/www/home.html"
- Make sure you set up your file and directory permissions for world readable
access (but NOT world writable!). Think about your site directory layout.
Don't just put all your files in one directory.
- You will be sending your web pages to the ISP via FTP. Get a simple
Unix book to learn how to operate the shell and FTP.
- There are also tools that will let you make your web site on your local
computer and automatically publish changes to your ISP web site. Netscape
Composer is free, and it does a decent job. Microsoft Frontpage Express
is another popular tool. Macromedia Dreamweaver is an excellent, but expensive
tool for web site management.
- As you write your web pages, test them using Internet Explorer and Netscape
Navigator to find irregularities. Try different window sizes, color schemes
and font sizes, your viewers will. Finally test your HTML and style sheets
against a validator. You can submit HTML to the W3C validator at
http://validator.w3.org/ and submit style sheets to
is the end of this section.
Copyright 1999 by
Jim Hurley. All rights reserved.